The Improved Order of Red Men traces its origin to certain
secret patriotic societies founded before the American
Revolution. They were established to promote Liberty and to
defy the tyranny of the English Crown. Among the early
groups were: The Sons of Liberty, the Sons of St. Tammany,
and later the Society of Red Men.
On December 16, 1773 a group of men, all members of the
Sons of Liberty, met in Boston to protest the tax on tea
imposed by England. When their protest went unheeded, they
disguised themselves as Mohawk Indians, proceeded to Boston
harbor, and dumped overboard 342 chests of English tea.
Following the American Revolution many of the various
secret societies founded before and during the conflict
continued in existence as brotherhoods or fraternities.
For the next 35 years, however, each of the original
Sons of Liberty and Sons of St. Tamina groups went their own
way, under many different names. In 1813, at historic Fort
Mifflin, near Philadelphia, several of these groups came
together and formed one organization known as the Society of
Red Men. The name was changed to the Improved Order of Red
Men in Baltimore in 1834.
Their rituals and regalia are modeled after those used by
Native Americans. The organization claimed a membership of
about half a million in 1935, but has declined to less than 38,000.
-- read more at Wikipedia
1922: Members of Redwood City's Matamora Tribe and
Palo Alto's Sagamore Tribe pose, in costume,
near the railroad tracks with a large tree behind them.
Photo courtesy of the Palo Alto Historical Socity.
Union Cemetery's Members
Below is a list of the people believed to be members of
Redwood City's Metamora Tribe..